Biological and behavioral influences on the mortality of Malaysian infants

  • 76 Pages
  • 4.20 MB
  • English
Rand Corp. , Santa Monica, CA
Infants -- Malaysia -- Mortality., Infants -- Mortality., Developing countries -- Morta
StatementWilliam P. Butz, Julie DaVanzo, Jean-Pierre Habicht ; prepared for the Agency for International Development.
SeriesA Rand note -- N-1638-AID
ContributionsDaVanzo, Julie., Habicht, Jean-Pierre., United States. Agency for International Development
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 76 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16499228M

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Butz, William P. Biological and behavioral influences on the mortality of Malaysian infants.

Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corp., []. This study examines the determinants of infant mortality variations in Peninsular Malaysia. It considers proximate biological correlates of mortality as well as family characteristics and behavior, and inspects the degree to which some of these latter factors have their effects indirectly through more proximate by:   This study uses retrospective data from the –7 Malaysian Family Life Survey to examine the determinants of infant mortality variations in Peninsular Malaysia.

It considers proximate biological correlates of mortality as well as family characteristics and behaviour, and inspects the degree to which some of these latter factors exercise Cited by: Biological and Behavioral Influences on the Mortality of Malaysian Infants Author: William Butz Subject: Examines the determinants of infant mortality variations in Peninsular Malaysia.

Created Date: 2/9/ AM. Ethnicity and infant mortality in Malaysia. Dixon G. Indirect causes are birth weight or social and behavioral factors such as household income or maternal education. Indirect factors, which are amenable to planned change and influence the biological proximate determinants of infant mortality, are identified as birth weight, maternal age at Cited by: 4.

Mortality or death is affected by a variety of factors. They may be biological, physiological, environmental, etc. From the demographic view point, mortality is related to the age and sex of an individual.

There is infant mortality, mortality of woman at the time of delivery, mortality of man due to cancer of the prostate, etc. This paper examines the determinants of infant and child mortality variations in four near east countries using data from WFS surveys.

The analysis considers biological correlates of mortality—mother's age, birth order, birth interval, and previous infant loss—and several social factors—mother's and father's education, mother's residence, father's occupation, and mother's work. Infant and toddler development, the physical, emotional, behavioral, and mental growth of children from ages 0 to 36 months.

Different milestones characterize each stage of infant (0 to 12 months) and toddler (12 to 36 months) development. Although most healthy infants and toddlers reach each. In a new book, The Anatomy of Violence, Adrian Raine argues that violent behavior has a biological basis just like depression or schizophrenia.

This raises questions about treatment. RESULTS: Children of parents with a history of 4 or more ACEs had on average a point (95% confidence interval [CI]: –) higher score on the BPI, times (95% CI: –) higher odds of hyperactivity, and times (95% CI: –) higher odds of an emotional disturbance diagnosis than children of parents with no ACEs.

Biological and Behavioral Influences on the Mortality of Malaysian Infants. NAID. The Rand Corporation. Google Scholar. Butz, W. P., J-P. Habicht, and J. DaVanzo. Environmental factors in the relationship between breastfeeding and infant mortality: the role of water and sanitation in Malaysia.

The biological basis of addiction helps to explain why people need much more than good intentions or willpower to break their addictions. “A common misperception is that addiction is a choice or moral problem, and all you have to do is stop.

SOCIAL AND BIOLOGICAL FACTORS IN INFANT MORTALITY * VARIATION OF MORTALITY WITH MOTHER'S AGE AND PARITY The parity of the mother is defined here as the number of children she has borne—surviving, dead or stillborn‐including the present one. Why Do Social Factors Impact Health Outcomes.

Ap "Based on a meta-analysis of nearly 50 studies, researchers found that social factors, including education, racial segregation, social supports, and poverty accounted for over a third of total deaths in the United States in a year." — The Kaiser Family Foundation Social factors play a major role in affecting health outcomes, such.

Details Biological and behavioral influences on the mortality of Malaysian infants EPUB

InAmerican psychologist Terrie Moffitt described a dual taxonomy of offending behavior in an attempt to explain the developmental processes that lead to the distinctive shape of the age crime curve.

Moffitt's original statement of the theory is one of the more important articles in criminology with 2, citations. She proposed that there are two main types of antisocial offenders in.

The conscious or unconscious fear of death can alter many aspects of behavior. In the following I will offer a clinical example of its powerful effect on a love relationship. What factors can influence children’s behavior and trigger misbehavior including tantrums, outbursts and back talk.

14 Factors that Trigger Challenging Behavior and how printable picture routine cards and a dialed in daily routine will make a world of different with behavior!.

14 Factors Influencing a Child’s Behavior or Can Trigger Their Misbehavior. Sex is a biological categorization based primarily on reproductive potential, whereas gender is the social elaboration of biological sex.

Not surprisingly, social norms for heterosexual coupling and care of any resulting children are closely intertwined with gender. But that is far from the full story. Infant mortality is defined as the death of an infant prior to its first birthday.

This definition clearly excludes death in utero, or stillborn gh there has been a gradual reduction in the worldwide rate of infant mortality over the last 20 years, this remains a significant public health concern, as infant death continues to remain a concern throughout the world.

Economic Factors • Low socioeconomic factors, quality & availability of health care Cultural & Social Factors • Breast feeding, Early marriage, maternal education, etc.

Infant Mortality Causes. Neonatal Mortality (wks) Causes 1. Low Birth weight 2. Prematurity 3. Birth injury/difficult labour 4. Sepsis 5. A multidimensional _____ approach to studying psychopathology suggests that the simultaneous effect of several different factors - biological, behavioral, emotional, social, and developmental influences - combine to create a psychological disorder.

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Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. The causes of excess weight gain in young people are similar to those in adults, including behavior and genetics.

Household data from Malaysia are used to assess the roles of a number of mortality correlates in explaining the inverse relationship between the infant mortality rate (IMR) and socioeconomic development. Increases in mothers’ education and improvements in water and sanitation are the most important household-level changes that accompany regional and temporal development and.

Another significant factor that has helped to decrease Malaysia’s Maternal Mortality Rate is the reduction of poverty throughout Malaysia. The poverty rate in the country was percent inbut byit had drastically fallen to a level of percent.

Malaysia has come a long way in reducing its Maternal Mortality Rate. The importance of specific factors may reflect the environmental context. How developed a country is can affect or shape the most important influences on gender differences in mortality.

Men’s Behavior and Women’s Childbearing. In developed countries, men’s more risky unhealthy behaviors are a major reason they die younger. Depression can be observed in the first months of life, as can attachment disorders, problems with regulation of behavior and emotions, and other developmental difficulties.

Risk factors have been identified, developmental pathways are much better understood, and methods to identify children at risk are continually being improved. In their book, "Middle Childhood," Leanne Charlesworth, Jim Wood and Pamela Viggiani suggest that disabilities are a biological reason for a delay in development during middle childhood 4.

They say that the U.S. Census Bureau of showed that percent of U.S. citizens aged 5 to 20 years old have a form of disability. Furthermore, brain differences have been confirmed by studying very young children's brains so as to eliminate the question of whether the brain differences result from social influences and upbringing.

For the same reason, many studies have been conducted on young children to see whether they and their brains act differently based on their sex. Inthe infant mortality rate for infants less than grams was per live births, while the rate for infants born at or over grams was per 7 In the CDC report.

Despite these differences, only the infant mortality rate, and not pregnancy wastage, was statistically significantly higher among migrants. Pregnancy interval was also similar between the two groups.

The influence of several socioeconomic factors on pregnancy wastage and infant mortality was explored. Asia Pac J Public Health;7(3). Behavioral genetics studies have found that criminal and aggressive behavior is correlated at about for identical twins but only at about for fraternal twins (Tellegen et al., ).

Avsalom Caspi and his colleagues () found evidence for the person-by-situation interaction in determining aggression.Personal factors are categorized as biological, psychological and socio-cultural.

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These factors are predictive of a given behavior and shaped by the nature of the target behavior being considered. Biological personal factors include variables such as age gender body mass index pubertal status, aerobic capacity, strength, agility, or balance.Year Infant mortality Under five mortality 60 89 62 96 74 78 52 74 39 52 Source: Kenya demographic health survey, Existing literature on child health have outlined factors associated with child mortality.

These studies focused on specific determinants of choice. For instance, Elmahdi ().